Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Euphorbia lathyris L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 70275
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:457. 1753 "E. lathyrus" (corr. Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1048. 1759 & Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:655. 1762)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • "lathyris" is derived from the Greek word for this plant
  • • Linnaeus's citations of Bauhin, Fuchs, and Camerarius were also corrected from "Lathyrus" to "Lathyris" in Sp. pl. ed. 2
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 26-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 15 (12 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • caper spurge  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • gopherplant  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • moleplant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • caper spurge   - English (Canada)
  • euphorbe épurge  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • euphorbe épurge   - French (Canada)
  • kreuzblättrige Wolfsmilch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • catapúcia-menor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • lechetrezna  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • tártago  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • korstörel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • sogsuja  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol; potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (mountainous regions)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France [Corse]


    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 7:341-528.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 164.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Harden, G. J., ed. 1990-1993. Flora of New South Wales. Note: lists as "lathyrus"
  14. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  15. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. Note: lists as "lathyrus"
  16. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  17. Horvath, D. 2011. Euphorbia. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, plantation and ornamental crops 7:125-132.
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  20. Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. 1986. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. Note: lists as "lathyrus"
  21. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia Note: lists as "lathyrus"
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:98.
  25. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  26. Nicolson, D. H. 1979. pers. comm. to E. E. Terrell Note: "lathyris" derived from Greek; Linnaeus corrected his epithet and citations in Sp. pl. ed. 2
  27. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. 1990. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution
  28. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Rizk, A. M. 1987. The chemical constituents and economic plants of the Euphorbiaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:316.
  32. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983-1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  33. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  34. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1968. Flora europaea. 2:221.
  35. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  36. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria. Note: lists as "lathyrus"
  37. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia lathyris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70275. Accessed 22 August 2019.