Taxon: Euphorbia lathyris L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 70275
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:457. 1753 "E. lathyrus" (corr. Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1048. 1759 & Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:655. 1762)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • "lathyris" is derived from the Greek word for this plant
  • • Linnaeus's citations of Bauhin, Fuchs, and Camerarius were also corrected from "Lathyrus" to "Lathyris" in Sp. pl. ed. 2
Typification:
Name Verified on: 26-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide Noxweed Aust; Bot J Linn Soc 94:316. 1987)
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed; Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (mountainous regions)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France [Corsica]


    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. (Esp Veg Prom) 7:341-528.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  13. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  15. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  16. Horvath, D. Euphorbia (Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn) 7:125-132.
  17. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  18. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  19. Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. (F SAust)
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:98.
  24. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  25. Nicolson, D. H. 1979. pers. comm. (pers. comm.) to E. E. Terrell
  26. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution. 1990 (L Euphorbieae)
  27. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Rizk, A. M. 1987. The chemical constituents and economic plants of the Euphorbiaceae Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:316.
  31. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. (F SE Queensl)
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1968. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 2:221.
  34. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  35. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia lathyris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70275. Accessed 27 April 2018.