Taxon: Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

Genus: Ficus
Section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 70291
Place of publication: Suppl. hort. bot. hafn. 7. 1819 (W. Roxburgh, Hort. bengal. 65. 1814, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: place of publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 15-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • India rubber fig  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Indian rubbertree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • karet-tree  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • rubberplant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • arbre à caoutchouc  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • figuier élastique  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Gummibaum  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • atta bor  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • figueira-indiana  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira-de-jardim  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cauchú comun  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • higuiera cauchera  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • yin du rong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Hortus 3; Pl Res SEAs 18:69. 2000)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects (in India fide Mansf Ency)
  • Materials: latex/rubber (formerly important source of Assam or Indian rubber fide Dict Econ Pl; Pl Res SEAs 18:69. 2000; F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:


    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.e.), Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java, Sumatra] Malaysia (Malaya)

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


  1. Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  2. Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11 (Taxon) 60:1212.
  3. Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates (Pl Res SEAs) 18:69.
  4. Brummitt, R. K. 2010. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 61 (Taxon) 59:1271-1276.
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  12. Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 4:61.
  13. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  16. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  17. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  18. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 26 May 2018.