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Taxon: Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

Genus: Ficus
Section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 70291
Place of publication: Suppl. hort. bot. hafn. 7. 1819 (W. Roxburgh, Hort. bengal. 65. 1814, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: place of publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 15-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • India rubber fig  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Indian rubbertree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • karet-tree  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • rubberplant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • arbre à caoutchouc  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • figuier élastique  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Gummibaum  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • atta bor  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • figueira-indiana  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira-de-jardim  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cauchú comun  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • higuiera cauchera  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • yin du rong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: latex/rubber; latex/rubber; latex/rubber

Distributional Range:


    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.e.), Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Malaysia (Malaya)

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


  1. Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana Intermediate Technology Publications & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  2. Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1212. Note: "Ficus elastica Roxb." ruled as not validly published
  3. Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 18:69. Note: lists as Ficus elastica Roxb.
  4. Brummitt, R. K. 2010. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 61. Taxon 59:1271-1276. Note: "Ficus elastica Roxb." ruled as not validly published
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ficus+elastica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  12. Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 4:61.
  13. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  17. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  18. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: lists as Ficus elastica Roxb.

Check other web resources for Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70291. Accessed 12 July 2020.