Taxon: Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

Genus: Ficus
Section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 70291
Place of publication: Suppl. hort. bot. hafn. 7. 1819 (W. Roxburgh, Hort. bengal. 65. 1814, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: place of publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 15-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • India rubber fig  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Indian rubbertree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • karet-tree  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • rubberplant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • arbre à caoutchouc  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • figuier élastique  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Gummibaum  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • atta bor  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • figueira-indiana  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira-de-jardim  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cauchú comun  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • higuiera cauchera  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • yin du rong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Hortus 3; Pl Res SEAs 18:69. 2000)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects (in India fide Mansf Ency)
  • Materials: latex/rubber (formerly important source of Assam or Indian rubber fide Dict Econ Pl; Pl Res SEAs 18:69. 2000; F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
    • Malesia: Indonesia Java, Sumatra; Malaysia

  • Cultivated


  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11 (Taxon) 60:1212.
  • Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates (Pl Res SEAs) 18:69.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2010. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 61 (Taxon) 59:1271-1276.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 4:61.
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. :