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Taxon: Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl.

 
Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Sporobolinae
Nomen number: 70745
Place of publication: Cat. pl. Amer. sept. 8. 1813
Link to protologue:
Comment: Muhlenberg's citation of "patens, Hort. Kew" can be interpreted as an indirect reference to the basionym Dactylis patens Aiton, Hortus kewensis 1:104. 1789 (Shenzhen ICN Art. 38.13 & 38.14)
Name Verified on: 24-Apr-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 75 (13 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Québec (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Massachusetts (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Michigan, New Hampshire (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Connecticut (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3723), Georgia (s.e.), Louisiana (s.), Maryland (e.), North Carolina (e.), South Carolina, Virginia (e.), Mississippi (s.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Tamaulipas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, [Antigua] Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S., Virgin Islands, U.S.]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia (s.w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon (w.), Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (w.)]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America (sterile material in n.e. Mesoamerica may belong to this species)


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  4. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana. Note: mentions
  5. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Gould, F. W. 1975. The grasses of Texas
  8. Hitchcock, A. S. 1936. Manual of the grasses of the West Indies.
  9. Hitchcock, A. S. 1971. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 2:959.
  10. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  11. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16
  14. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  15. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  16. Randall, R. P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  19. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70745. Accessed 17 July 2019.