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Taxon: Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl.

 
Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Sporobolinae
Nomen number: 70745
Place of publication: Cat. pl. Amer. sept. 8. 1813
Link to protologue:
Comment: Muhlenberg's citation of "patens, Hort. Kew" can be interpreted as an indirect reference to the basionym Dactylis patens Aiton, Hortus kewensis 1:104. 1789 (Melbourne ICN. Art. 38.13 & 38.14)
Name Verified on: 24-Apr-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Apr-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 74 (12 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Maine (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Massachusetts (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), Michigan, New Hampshire (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html), New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island (http://neatlas.huh.harvard.edu/Neatlas1/Poac-S-Z.html)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3723), Georgia (s.e.), Louisiana (s.), Maryland (e.), Mississippi (s.), North Carolina (e.), South Carolina, Virginia (e.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Tamaulipas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, [Antigua] Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix, St. John]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia (s.w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon (w.), Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (w.)]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America (sterile material in n.e. Mesoamerica may belong to this species)


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Gould, F. W. The grasses of Texas. 1975 (Grass Tex)
  9. Hitchcock, A. S. 1971. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US) 2:959.
  10. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the West Indies. (Grass WInd)
  11. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  12. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  14. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  15. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  16. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  17. Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  18. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  19. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)

Check other web resources for Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70745. Accessed 14 November 2018.