Taxon: Galanthus nivalis L.

Genus: Galanthus
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Galantheae
Nomen number: 70959
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:288. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-Apr-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Mar-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed14)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania ; Turkey Istanbul
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

  • Naturalized



  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Artjushenko, Z. T. 1966. Kriticeskij obzor roda Galanthus L. Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 51:1443.
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, A. P. The genus Galanthus. 1999 (Gen Galanthus)
  • Davis, A. P. & H. N. McGough, eds. CITES bulb checklist for the genera: Cyclamen, Galanthus and Sternbergia. 1999 (CITES Bulb L)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kamari, G. 1982. A biosystematic study of the genus Galanthus (Amaryllidaceae) in Greece Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 103:111.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Webb, D. A. 1978. The European species of Galanthus L. In: V. E. Heywood (ed.), Flora europaea. Notulae systematicae ad floram Europaeam spectantes. No. 20 Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76:309.


Check other web resources for Galanthus nivalis L. :