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Taxon: Betula nigra L.

 
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Dahuricae
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7118
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:982. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (10 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Materials: wood

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York (e.), Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont (s.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (e.), Kansas (s.e.), Minnesota (s.e.), Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3928), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister. 2013. The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 222-226.
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  7. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  8. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  9. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  10. Miller, R. B. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  11. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  12. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  13. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  14. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Betulaceae&GenusID=Betula&SpeciesID=nigra target='_blank'
  15. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Betula nigra L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7118. Accessed 18 September 2019.