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Taxon: Betula papyrifera Marshall

 
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7122
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 19. 1785
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 23 (18 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • canoe birch  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • paper birch  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • white birch  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • paper birch  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • bouleau à papier  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • bouleau blanc  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • bouleau à papier  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • betulla papirifera  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • pappersbjörk  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: wood (for veneer)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister. 2013. The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 337-342.
  3. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 62.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  9. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  10. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  11. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  14. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  17. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.

Check other web resources for Betula papyrifera Marshall :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7122. Accessed 19 September 2019.