Taxon: Betula pendula Roth

Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7127
Place of publication: Tent. fl. Germ. 1:405. 1788
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: lipids (source of birch tar lipids fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbal Drugs)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu; Korea, North
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Amur, Kamchatka, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Buryatia, Chita, Yakutia-Sakha; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Iraq ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Ontario
    • Subarctic America: Canada Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized



  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches. 2013 (Gen Betula) 277-297.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Additamenta et corrigenda ad "Floram URSS." (Add F USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Govaerts, R. 1996. (1261) Proposal to reject the name Betula alba (Betulaceae) (Taxon) 45:697-698.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Fagales. 1998 (L Fagales)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Betula pendula Roth :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image