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Taxon: Betula pendula Roth

 
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7127
Place of publication: Tent. fl. Germ. 1:405. 1788
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 30 (15 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Buryatia, Yakutia-Sakha, Chita] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (n.)
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka, Magadan, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng (w.), Qinghai Sheng, Yunnan Sheng (n.), Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.), Xizang Zizhiqu (s.e.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu] Korea, North

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (w.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Betula_pendula/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister. 2013. The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 277-297.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  5. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  6. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  8. Czerepanov, S. K. 1973. Additamenta et corrigenda ad "Floram URSS."
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Betula+pendula&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  16. Govaerts, R. 1996. (1261) Proposal to reject the name Betula alba (Betulaceae). Taxon 45:697-698.
  17. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  28. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Betula pendula Roth :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7127. Accessed 22 July 2019.