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Taxon: Betula pumila L.

 
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Apterocaryon
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7140
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 1:124. 1767
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (14 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • American dwarf birch  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Arctic dwarf birch  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • bog birch  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dwarf birch  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • low birch  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • swamp birch  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bouleau nain  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories, Yukon (s.e.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana (n.), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio (n.), Pennsylvania (e.), Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n.), Iowa (n.e.), Kansas (n.w.), Minnesota, Nebraska (w.), North Dakota (e.), South Dakota (w.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho (n.), Montana (n.w.), Oregon, Washington, Wyoming (s.e.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister. 2013. The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 359-363.
  2. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  7. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  12. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.

Check other web resources for Betula pumila L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7140. Accessed 20 September 2019.