Taxon: Briza maxima L.

 
Genus: Briza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Brizinae
Nomen number: 7725
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:70. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Honduras
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Uncertain

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:129-247.
  11. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  17. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  20. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  21. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  22. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  23. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:147.
  24. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  26. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  27. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  28. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  30. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Briza maxima L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7725. Accessed 22 May 2018.