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Taxon: Bromus arvensis L.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Bromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7769
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:77. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358096
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Nov-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 (9 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Acedo, C. & F. Llamas 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula Phanerog. Monogr. 22:61-69.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  13. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  16. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  17. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  18. Oja, T. et al. 2003. Breeding system, evolution and taxonomy of Bromus arvensis, B. japonicus and B. squarrosus (Poaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 242:101-117.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:226.
  21. Smith, P. M. & F. Sales 1993. Bromus L. sect. Bromus: taxonomy and relationships of some species with small spikelets Edinburgh J. Bot. 50:149-171.
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  24. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Bromus arvensis L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7769. Accessed 17 November 2018.