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Taxon: Bromus arvensis L.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Bromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7769
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:77. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358096
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (9 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Acedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:61-69.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. Note: adventive
  11. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  12. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  16. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  17. Oja, T. et al. 2003. Breeding system, evolution and taxonomy of Bromus arvensis, B. japonicus and B. squarrosus (Poaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 242:101-117.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:226.
  20. Smith, P. M. & F. Sales. 1993. Bromus L. sect. Bromus: taxonomy and relationships of some species with small spikelets. Edinburgh J. Bot. 50:149-171.
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  22. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  23. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  25. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Bromus arvensis L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7769. Accessed 17 July 2019.