Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Ceratochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7783
Place of publication: Bot. Beechey Voy. 403. 1840
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 44 (27 active, 19 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • sweet brome  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • xian ji que mai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (grazing)
  • Environmental: erosion control

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia, Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Nebraska (w.), North Dakota (s.w.), South Dakota (w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala


    Cultivated

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Yukon (s.)]
    • United States (e.)


References:

  1. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  2. Barkworth, M. E. et al. 2006. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex. Madroño 53:233-243.
  3. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  4. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  5. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Bromus+carinatus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2001. Las Gramíneus de Durango
  11. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  12. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  13. Hurst, S. 1994. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  16. Pavlick, L. 1995. Bromus L. of North America
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Soderstrom, T. R. & J. H. Beaman. 1968. The genus Bromus (Gramineae) in Mexico and Central America. Publ. Mus. Michigan State Univ., Biol. Ser. 3:481.
  19. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7783. Accessed 16 July 2019.