Taxon: Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Ceratochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7783
Place of publication: Bot. Beechey Voy. 403. 1840
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Sep-2010
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • sweet brome  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • xian ji que mai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Grass VarUSA)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala

  • Naturalized

  • Northern America

    • United States
    • Subarctic America: Canada Yukon Territory

  • Cultivated

  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California

References:

  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Barkworth, M. E. et al. 2006. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex Madroño 53:233-243.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Herrera-Arrieta, Y. Las Gramíneus de Durango. 2001 (Grass Durango)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hurst, S. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Pavlick, L. Bromus L. of North America. 1995 (Bromus NAmer)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Soderstrom, T. R. & J. H. Beaman 1968. The genus Bromus (Gramineae) in Mexico and Central America Publ. Mus. Michigan State Univ., Biol. Ser. 3:481.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image