Taxon: Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Ceratochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7783
Place of publication: Bot. Beechey Voy. 403. 1840
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Sep-2010
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • sweet brome  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • xian ji que mai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Animal food: forage (grazing)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia, Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Nebraska (w.), North Dakota (s.w.), South Dakota (w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala


    Cultivated

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Yukon Territory (s.)]
    • United States (e.)


References:

  1. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  2. Barkworth, M. E. et al. 2006. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex Madroño 53:233-243.
  3. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  4. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  5. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Herrera-Arrieta, Y. Las Gramíneus de Durango. 2001 (Grass Durango)
  11. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  12. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  13. Hurst, S. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  16. Pavlick, L. Bromus L. of North America. 1995 (Bromus NAmer)
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Soderstrom, T. R. & J. H. Beaman 1968. The genus Bromus (Gramineae) in Mexico and Central America Publ. Mus. Michigan State Univ., Biol. Ser. 3:481.
  19. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7783. Accessed 24 June 2018.