Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Bromus inermis Leyss.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Festucoides
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7807
Place of publication: Fl. halens. 16. 1761
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 211 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • smooth brome  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • brome inerme  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe (n.)

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Michigan]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Nebraska (w.), North Dakota, South Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Washington (e.), Wyoming]
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Acedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:245-249.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 27-28.
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: = Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub.
  9. Fink, K. A. & S. D. Wilson. 2011. Bromus inermis invasion of a native grassland: diversity and resource reduction. Botany 89:157-164. Note: this study recognized this species as an invasor of disturbed areas with rich soils; it has high productivity compared to native grassland species
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Bromus+inermis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  13. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  14. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  16. Otfinowski, R. et al. 2007. The biology of Canadian weeds. 134. Bromus inermis Leyss. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 87:183-198. Note: this review recognizes Eurasian Bromus inermis with naturalized populations in Canada, and its ecology as successful competitor of native grassland species
  17. Pavlick, L. 1995. Bromus L. of North America
  18. Tuna, M. et al. 2006. Cytogenetic and nuclear DNA content characterization of diploid Bromus erectus and Bromus variegatus. Crop Sci. (Madison) 46:637-641.
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  20. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  21. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  22. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  23. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Bromus inermis Leyss. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7807. Accessed 11 July 2020.