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Taxon: Bromus rubens L.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Stenobromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7864
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:5. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:265. 1759)
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (4 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Oregon, Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Acedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:223-234.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  5. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora. Note: introduced
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: = Anisantha rubens
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  14. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. Note: introduced
  15. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  16. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  17. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  20. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  21. Oja, T. 2002. Genetic divergence and interspecific differentiation in the Bromus madritensis complex (Poaceae) based on isozyme data. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 30:433-449.
  22. Pavlick, L. 1995. Bromus L. of North America 122.
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  26. Sales, F. 1993. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Bromus sect. Genea. Edinburgh J. Bot. 50:17. Note: provisionally treated as synonym of Bromus madritensis, pending further study
  27. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  28. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:183.
  29. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: = Anisantha rubens (L.) Nevski
  30. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  31. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR Note: = Anisantha rubens (L.) Nevski
  34. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  35. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  36. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  38. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  39. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Bromus rubens L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7864. Accessed 23 July 2019.