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Taxon: Bromus tectorum L.

 
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: Stenobromus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7880
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:77. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 54 (38 active, 32 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • bronco grass  (Source: Intermt F) - English
  • cheatgrass  (Source: Intermt F) - English
  • downy brome  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • downy chess  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • drooping brome  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • June grass  (Source: Intermt F) - English
  • wall brome  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • downy brome  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • brome des toits  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • brome des toits  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Dachtrespe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • bromo-felpudo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bromo-pendente  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-cevadinha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bromo velloso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • espiguilla colgante  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • taklosta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.w.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (e.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Mississippi, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:196-207.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource).
  4. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  6. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  8. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 29.
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: = Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  13. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  20. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. Matthei, O. 1986. El género Bromus (Poaceae) in Chile. Gayana, Bot. 43:73.
  24. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  25. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  26. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Sales, F. 1993. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Bromus sect. Genea. Edinburgh J. Bot. 50:25-30.
  32. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  33. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: = Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski
  34. The Hebew University of Jerusalem. Flora of Israel Online (on-line resource).
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  37. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR Note: = Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski
  38. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  39. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/downybrome.shtml target='_blank'
  40. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  41. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  42. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  45. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  46. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Bromus tectorum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7880. Accessed 5 July 2020.