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Taxon: Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.

 
Genus: Taraxacum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Crepidinae
Nomen number: 80051
Place of publication: Prim. fl. holsat. 56. 1780
Link to protologue:
Comment: [used here in an aggregate sense for all of T. sect. Taraxacum (formerly sect. Ruderalia)]
Name Verified on: 30-Jan-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 11 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • common dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • lion's-tooth  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • dent de lion  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pissenlit vulgaire  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Löwenzahn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Wiesen-Löwenzahn  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • dente-de-leão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • achicoria amarga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • amargón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • diente de león  (Source: F Int Apico) - Spanish
  • seoyangmindeulle  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • oduvančik lekarstvennyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 841-842. 1997)
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory] Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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  17. Grubov, V. I. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia. 2001 (Pl Mongol)
  18. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
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Check other web resources for Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=80051. Accessed 18 November 2018.