Taxon: Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.

 
Genus: Taraxacum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Cichorioideae
      Tribe: Cichorieae
        Subtribe: Crepidinae
Nomen number: 80051
Place of publication: Prim. fl. holsat. 56. 1780
Comment: [used here in an aggregate sense for all of T. sect. Taraxacum (formerly sect. Ruderalia)]
Name Verified on: 30-Jan-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • common dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • dandelion  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • lion's-tooth  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • dent de lion  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pissenlit vulgaire  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Löwenzahn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Wiesen-Löwenzahn  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • dente-de-leão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • achicoria amarga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • amargón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • diente de león  (Source: F Int Apico) - Spanish
  • seoyangmindeulle  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • oduvančik lekarstvennyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (extracted from roots fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 841-842. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 841-842. 1997)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):475. 1999)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):475. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):475. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    • Western Asia: Cyprus
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Nepal
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Tamaulipas, - Baja Norte
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Tlaxcala, - Veracruz, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory; Greenland; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia, - Nunavut
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Guatemala; Honduras; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image