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Taxon: Taxus baccata L.

 
Genus: Taxus
Family: Taxaceae
Nomen number: 80070
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1040. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Nov-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (5 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland (s.w.), Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal (n.), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Taxus_baccata/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Cope, E. A. 1998. Taxaceae: the genera and cultivated species. Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 64:307.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Farjon, A. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of conifers
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Taxus+baccata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  15. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. Note: = subsp. wallichiana (Zucc.) Pilg.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening 4:438.
  17. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  20. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Taxus baccata L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Taxus baccata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=80070. Accessed 13 November 2019.