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Taxon: Capsicum frutescens L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8913
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:189. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 670 (282 active, 292 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia


References:

  1. Albrecht, E. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity and population structure of Capsicum baccatum genetic resources Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:517-538.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bernal, R., S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. 2015 (L Colombia online)
  4. Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae) Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  5. D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Colombia. A résumé (Baileya) 19:101.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Eshbaugh, W. H. Peppers: history and exploitation of a serendipitous new crop discovery (New Crops) 133.
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2012. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1077-1088.
  14. Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems (Proc XII Eucarpia)
  15. Kraft, K. H. et al. 2013. A new collection of wild populations of Capsicum in Mexico and the southern United States Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:225-232.
  16. Kumar, O. A. et al. 1988. Cytogenetics of interspecific hybrids in the genus Capsicum L. (Euphytica) 39:47-51.
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  21. Loaiza-Figueroa, F. et al. 1989. Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico Pl. Syst. Evol. 165:159-188.
  22. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  25. Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  26. Onus, A. N. & B. Pickersgill 2004. Unilateral incompatibility in Capsicum (Solanaceae): Occurrence and taxonomic distribution Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 94:289-295.
  27. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  28. Pickersgill, B. et al. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum (Biol Solan) 679-699.
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147-156.
  32. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:137.
  33. Silvar, C. & C. A. García- González 2016. Deciphering genetic diversity in the origins of pepper (Capsicum spp.) and comparison with worldwide variability Crop Sci. (Madison) 56:1-11.
  34. Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368.
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2015. Screening genetic resources of Capsicum peppers in their primary center of diversity in Bolivia and Peru (PloS One) 10(9): e0134663.
  38. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  39. Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418.
  40. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Capsicum frutescens L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8913. Accessed 15 December 2018.