Taxon: Capsicum frutescens L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8913
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:189. 1753
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 283 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Gene sources: potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in chili pepper (fide Crop Breed Appl Biot 11:247. 2011)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Tabasco pepper (fide Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368. 1951)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of aji (based on records of hybridization of Capsicum frutescens with C. baccatum var. pendulum fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of bell/chili pepper (fide Acta Hort 745:148. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of habanero pepper (based on successful hybridization of Capsicum chinense × C. frutescens, but not in reciprocal crossing fide Crop Breed Appl Biot 11:246. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rocoto (based on records of crossing studies fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Central America
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    • : Africa
  • Africa

    • : Africa
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Pacific

    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia

References:

  • Albrecht, E. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity and population structure of Capsicum baccatum genetic resources Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:517-538.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bernal, R., S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. 2015 (L Colombia online)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae) Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  • Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae) Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Colombia. A résumé (Baileya) 19:101.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eshbaugh, W. H. Peppers: history and exploitation of a serendipitous new crop discovery (New Crops) 133.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2012. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1077-1088.
  • Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems (Proc XII Eucarpia)
  • Kraft, K. H. et al. 2013. A new collection of wild populations of Capsicum in Mexico and the southern United States Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:225-232.
  • Kumar, O. A. et al. 1988. Cytogenetics of interspecific hybrids in the genus Capsicum L. (Euphytica) 39:47-51.
  • Kumar, O. A. et al. 1988. Cytogenetics of interspecific hybrids in the genus Capsicum L. (Euphytica) 39:47-51.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Loaiza-Figueroa, F. et al. 1989. Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico Pl. Syst. Evol. 165:159-188.
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  • Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Onus, A. N. & B. Pickersgill 2004. Unilateral incompatibility in Capsicum (Solanaceae): Occurrence and taxonomic distribution Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 94:289-295.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pickersgill, B. et al. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum (Biol Solan) 679-699.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147-156.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:137.
  • Silvar, C. & C. A. García- González 2016. Deciphering genetic diversity in the origins of pepper (Capsicum spp.) and comparison with worldwide variability Crop Sci. (Madison) 56:1-11.
  • Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2015. Screening genetic resources of Capsicum peppers in their primary center of diversity in Bolivia and Peru (PloS One) 10(9): e0134663.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Capsicum frutescens L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.