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Taxon: Carthamus creticus L.

Genus: Carthamus
Section: Atractylis
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9230
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2. 2:1163. 1763
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (as Carthamus baeticus) potential seed contaminant (as Carthamus baeticus)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco

    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, [Sicilia] Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain


    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom


    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [South Carolina]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Nevada]




  1. Bowles, V. G. et al. 2010. A phylogenetic investigation of Carthamus combining sequence and microsatellite data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 287:85-97.
  2. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  3. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  4. Jarvis, C. et al. Linnaean plant name typification project (on-line resource).
  5. López González, G. 1990. Acerca de la clasificación natural del género Carthamus L., s.l.. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 47:11-34. Note: this study commented on the allopolyploidic origin of this species with n=32, and probably having Carthamus lanatus as one of the parental species
  6. Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus. B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47.
  7. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  8. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438. Note: this study confirmed the chromosome count of 2n=64, and supporting its origin by hybridization between Carthamus lanatus (x=22) and a species with x=10, probably C. leucocaulos or C. glaucus
  9. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2005. Taxonomic problems in Carthamus (Asteraceae): RAPD markers and sectional classification. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 147:375-383. Note: treatment as species independent of C. lanatus is supported

Check other web resources for Carthamus creticus L. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9230. Accessed 24 July 2019.