Taxon: Carthamus lanatus L.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Atractylis
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9235
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Aug-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of safflower (based on the need of embryo rescue and other techniques in crosses with Carthamus tinctorius fide Can J Pl Sci 84:926. 2004)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Hungary ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea ; Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa Eastern Cape, Western Cape
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Norway
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Massachusetts, New Jersey
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Oregon
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Peru Cajamarca

  • Adventive

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia
    • Middle Europe: Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Ireland ; United Kingdom

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Ash, G. J. et al. 2003. An investigation of genetic variation in Carthamus lanatus in New South Wales, Australia, using intersimple sequence repeats (ISSR) analysis Weed Res. 43:208-213.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bowles, V. G. et al. 2010. A phylogenetic investigation of Carthamus combining sequence and microsatellite data Pl. Syst. Evol. 287:85-97.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Dillon, M. O. 2006. Nuevos registros de Asteraceae para la flora de Perú (Arnaldoa) 13:314-317.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae) Feddes Repert. 67:135-143.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  • National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sehgal, D. et al. 2009. Nuclear DNA assay in solving issues related to ancestry of the domesticated diploid safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) and the polyploid (Carthamus) taxa, and phylogenetic and genomic relationships in the genus Carthamus L. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 53:631-644.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438.
  • Vilatersana, R. et al. 2005. Taxonomic problems in Carthamus (Asteraceae): RAPD markers and sectional classification Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 147:375-383.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Carthamus lanatus L. :

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