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Taxon: Carthamus lanatus L.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Atractylis
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9235
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 66 (10 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Western Cape]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Slovakia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru [Cajamarca]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Carthamus_lanatus/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Ash, G. J. et al. 2003. An investigation of genetic variation in Carthamus lanatus in New South Wales, Australia, using intersimple sequence repeats (ISSR) analysis. Weed Res. 43:208-213.
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Bowles, V. G. et al. 2010. A phylogenetic investigation of Carthamus combining sequence and microsatellite data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 287:85-97.
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  8. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  9. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  11. Dillon, M. O. 2006. Nuevos registros de Asteraceae para la flora de Perú. Arnaldoa 13:314-317.
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  17. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae). Feddes Repert. 67:135-143.
  18. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  21. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  22. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  23. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  24. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  25. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  27. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  28. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  29. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  30. National Plant Board. 2008-. National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries URL: http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/california.pdf target='_blank'
  31. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  34. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  35. Sehgal, D. et al. 2009. Nuclear DNA assay in solving issues related to ancestry of the domesticated diploid safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) and the polyploid (Carthamus) taxa, and phylogenetic and genomic relationships in the genus Carthamus L.. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 53:631-644. Note: a tetraploid, 2n=44, here recognized in subsp. lanatus and montanus
  36. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  37. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  39. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438. Note: 2n=44
  40. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2005. Taxonomic problems in Carthamus (Asteraceae): RAPD markers and sectional classification. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 147:375-383.

Check other web resources for Carthamus lanatus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9235. Accessed 20 August 2019.