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Taxon: Carthamus leucocaulos Sm.

Genus: Carthamus
Section: Atractylis
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9237
Place of publication: J. Sibthorp & J. E. Smith, Fl. Graec. prodr. 2:160. 1813
Link to protologue:
Comment: authorship verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:


    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Aegian Islands, Crete)


    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium


    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [South Australia (s.e.), Victoria (w.)]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


  1. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  2. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  3. Estilai, A. 1977. Interspecific hybrids between Carthamus tinctorius and C. alexandrinus. Crop Sci. (Madison) 17:800-802. Note: this study mentioned crosses between Carthamus tinctorius × C. leucocaulos with lower average of bivalents than those sterile hybrids derived from crosses between C. tinctorius and C. alexandrinus
  4. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae). Feddes Repert. 67:124-127.
  7. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  8. López González, G. 1990. Acerca de la clasificación natural del género Carthamus L., s.l.. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 47:29. Note: as member of section Odonthagnathius
  9. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  10. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  13. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  14. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Generic delimitation and phylogeny of the Carduncellus - Carthamus complex (Asteraceae) based on ITS sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 221:89-105.
  15. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2005. Taxonomic problems in Carthamus (Asteraceae): RAPD markers and sectional classification. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 147:375-383.
  16. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2007. Molecular evidence for hybrid origins of the invasive polyploids Carthamus creticus and C. turkestanicus (Cardueae, Asteraceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 44:610-621. Note: this study examined members of section Atractylis including 2n=20 Carthamus leucocaulos
  17. Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Carthamus leucocaulos Sm. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9237. Accessed 5 June 2020.