Taxon: Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb.

Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9239
Place of publication: Tabl. prov. Mer casp. 118. 1798 (Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283. 1808)
Link to protologue:
  • • although there is no evidence in either Tabl. prov. Mer casp. (1798) or Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283 (1808) that the author intended this epithet as a substantive, in Fl. taur.-caucas. 3:562. 1819 he lists this as Carthamus Oxyacantha, confirming his earlier intent
  • • because this species epithet was published as a noun in apposition, it retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 52 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • wild safflower  (Source: USDA/APHIS) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of safflower (based on fertile hybrids with Carthamus tinctorius fide BMC Pl Biol 11:47 (page 3). 2011)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan


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  • Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. (HF Dehra Dun)
  • Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. (F IndDes)
  • Chapman, M. A. & J. M. Burke 2007. DNA sequence diversity and the origin of cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.; Asteraceae) B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 7:60(1-9).
  • Chapman, M. A. et al. 2010. Population genetic analysis of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius; Asteraceae) reveals a Near Eastern origin and five centers of diversity Amer. J. Bot. 97:831-840.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae) Feddes Repert. 67:83-90.
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47.
  • McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438.


Check other web resources for Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb. :