Taxon: Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9239
Place of publication: Tabl. prov. Mer casp. 118. 1798 (Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283. 1808)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • although there is no evidence in either Tabl. prov. Mer casp. (1798) or Fl. taur.-caucas. 2:283 (1808) that the author intended this epithet as a substantive, in Fl. taur.-caucas. 3:562. 1819 he lists this as Carthamus Oxyacantha, confirming his earlier intent
  • • because this species epithet was published as a noun in apposition, it retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 52 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • wild safflower  (Source: USDA/APHIS) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of safflower (based on fertile hybrids with Carthamus tinctorius fide BMC Pl Biol 11:47 (page 3). 2011)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. (HF Dehra Dun)
  3. Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. (F IndDes)
  4. Chapman, M. A. & J. M. Burke 2007. DNA sequence diversity and the origin of cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.; Asteraceae) B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 7:60(1-9).
  5. Chapman, M. A. et al. 2010. Population genetic analysis of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius; Asteraceae) reveals a Near Eastern origin and five centers of diversity Amer. J. Bot. 97:831-840.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae) Feddes Repert. 67:83-90.
  9. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  12. Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47.
  13. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  14. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  15. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  18. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  19. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  20. Vilatersana, R. et al. 2000. Karyology, generic delineation and dysploidy in the genera Carduncellus, Carthamus and Phonus (Asteraceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:425-438.

Check other web resources for Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9239. Accessed 22 May 2018.