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Taxon: Carthamus tinctorius L.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9243
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Oct-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 2548 (2399 active, 2610 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed-cake is high protein food supplement & used as birdseed)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Human food: oil/fat; starch
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Zhejiang]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, San Luis Potosi]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Michoacan]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin w. Asia)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  4. Chapman, M. A. & J. M. Burke 2007. DNA sequence diversity and the origin of cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.; Asteraceae) B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 7:60(1-9).
  5. Chapman, M. A. et al. 2010. Population genetic analysis of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius; Asteraceae) reveals a Near Eastern origin and five centers of diversity Amer. J. Bot. 97:831-840.
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). (Wealth India RM ed2) 3:302-313.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Gilbert, L. 2002. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae) Feddes Repert. 67:90-91.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Havel, J. 1995. Rosliny Oleiste 16:83-90.
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  23. Li, D.-J. & H. H. Mündel 1997. Safflower. Carthamus tinctorius L. (Prom Underused Crops) 7:1-83.
  24. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  26. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  28. Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47, pages 1-10.
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  31. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  32. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
  33. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  34. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  36. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  37. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  38. Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134.
  39. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  40. Sehgal, D. et al. 2008. Chloroplast DNA diversity reveals the contribution of two wild species to the origin and evolution of diploid safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) (Genome) 51:638-643.
  41. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  42. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  44. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  46. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Carthamus tinctorius L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9243. Accessed 17 November 2018.