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Taxon: Carthamus tinctorius L.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9243
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2549 (2399 active, 2333 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed-cake is high protein food supplement & used as birdseed)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Human food: oil/fat; starch
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja, San Luis Potosí]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Michoacán de Ocampo]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin w. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. Chapman, M. A. & J. M. Burke. 2007. DNA sequence diversity and the origin of cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.; Asteraceae). B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 7:60(1-9). URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2229-7-60.pdf target='_blank'
  4. Chapman, M. A. et al. 2010. Population genetic analysis of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius; Asteraceae) reveals a Near Eastern origin and five centers of diversity. Amer. J. Bot. 97:831-840.
  5. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). 3:302-313.
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  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
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  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
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  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Carthamus+tinctorius&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gilbert, L. 2002. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. Hanelt, P. 1963. Monographische Übersicht der Gattung Carthamus L. (Compositae). Feddes Repert. 67:90-91.
  15. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
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  19. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Li, D.-J. & H. H. Mündel. 1997. Safflower. Carthamus tinctorius L.. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 7:1-83.
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  27. Mayerhofer, M. et al. 2011. Introgression potential between safflower (Carthamus tinctorius and wild relatives of the genus Carthamus. B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 11:47, pages 1-10.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. McPherson, M. A. et al. 2004. Theoretical hybridization potential of transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with weedy relatives in the New World. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:923-934.
  30. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
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  39. Sehgal, D. et al. 2008. Chloroplast DNA diversity reveals the contribution of two wild species to the origin and evolution of diploid safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Genome 51:638-643.
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  46. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Carthamus tinctorius L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9243. Accessed 19 September 2019.