Taxon: Carum carvi L.

 
Genus: Carum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Careae
Nomen number: 9245
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:263. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Bee plants: potential as source of pollen ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of caraway (based on "recurrent selection" of annual plants, easy to harvest, to increase oil production)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: lipids (used in cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide P. K. Mukherjee, pers. comm. 1996; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide AOSA Hb 25; Global Comp Weeds)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (Kashmir & Jammu), Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  11. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  13. Langenberger, M. W. & A. R. Davis 2002. Honey bee pollen foraging in relation to flowering phenology of biennial caraway (Carum carvi L.) Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:203-215.
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  16. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. Mukherjee, P. K. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  20. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India. 1993 (Umbell India)
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Pank, F. 2010. Aims and results of breeding research on eight medicinal and aromatic plants - A survey Israel J. Pl. Sci. 58:241-249.
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. van Roon, E. & H. J. Bleijenberg 1964. Breeding caraway for non-shattering seed (Euphytica) 13:281-293.
  29. Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  30. Watson, M. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  31. Zakharova, E. A. et al. 2012. Redefined generic limits of Carum (Umbelliferae, Apioideae) and new systematic placement of some of its taxa (Willdenowia) 42:149-168.

Check other web resources for Carum carvi L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9245. Accessed 22 May 2018.