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Taxon: Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl.

 
Genus: Catha
Family: Celastraceae
Subfamily: Celastroideae
Nomen number: 9606
Place of publication: Ench. bot. 575. 1841
Link to protologue:
Comment: Forsskal (1775) was nomen nudum
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Social: stimulant (but may cause psychosis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (causes psychosis in humans)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire (e.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, [Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga] Swaziland

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Bally, P. R. O. 1945. Catha edulis E. African Med. J. 22:4-6.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  8. Fernandes, A. & E. J. S. M. Mendes Flora de Mocambique. (F Mocamb)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Loesener, T. 1942. Celastraceae (Nat Pflanzen) ed. 2, 20b:154-155.
  15. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Robyns, W. et al., eds. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 1948-63 (F CongoRB)
  19. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  21. Yousef, G. et al. 1995. Khat chewing as a cause of psychosis Brit. J. Hosp. Med. 54:322-326.
  22. Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. (L Orient)

Check other web resources for Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9606. Accessed 11 December 2018.