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Taxon: Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl.

 
Genus: Catha
Family: Celastraceae
Subfamily: Celastroideae
Nomen number: 9606
Place of publication: Ench. bot. 575. 1841
Link to protologue:
Comment: Forsskal (1775) was nomen nudum
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Social: stimulant (but may cause psychosis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (causes psychosis in humans)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo (e.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Bally, P. R. O. 1945. Catha edulis. E. African Med. J. 22:4-6.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: lists as C. edulis Forssk.
  3. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  6. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  7. Fernandes, A. & E. J. S. M. Mendes. 1969-. Flora de Mocambique.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Catha+edulis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Loesener, T. 1942. Celastraceae. Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2, 20b:154-155. Note: ed. 1. 1887-1915; ed. 2. 1925-
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Robyns, W. et al., eds. 1948-1963. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi
  18. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  19. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  20. Yousef, G. et al. 1995. Khat chewing as a cause of psychosis. Brit. J. Hosp. Med. 54:322-326.
  21. Zohary, M. et al. 1980-. Conspectus florae orientalis.
  22. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9606. Accessed 26 August 2019.