Taxon: Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9791
Place of publication: Fl. ind. 1:238. 1820
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-Jan-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • India sandbur  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • capim-carrapicho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: revegetator ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (e.), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar)
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Limpopo]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (n.)


    Naturalized (widely natzd. paleotropic weed)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  3. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  6. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  10. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  13. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  14. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  15. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  16. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  17. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  19. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  20. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)

Check other web resources for Cenchrus biflorus Roxb. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9791. Accessed 23 April 2018.