Taxon: Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
        Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9791
Place of publication: Fl. ind. 1:238. 1820
Name Verified on: 07-Jan-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • India sandbur  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • capim-carrapicho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Limpopo
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. paleotropic weed

    Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cenchrus biflorus Roxb. :

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