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Taxon: Cenchrus ciliaris L.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9794
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:302. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Feb-2016
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 956 (878 active, 944 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:77. 1992, as Cenchrus ciliaris; Invasive Pl Spec, as Cenchrus ciliaris)
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West] Swaziland

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy [Sicily]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan, Federal District]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Formosa, Jujuy, Tucuman] Paraguay


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  6. Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  8. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  15. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  16. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  17. Gutiérrez, H. F. & O. Morrone 2012. Novedades nomenclaturales en Cenchrus s.l. (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 47:263-269.
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  20. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  21. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  22. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  23. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  24. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  25. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  26. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  27. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. (F PR ed2)
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  30. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  31. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  32. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  33. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  35. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  36. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:77.
  37. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  38. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  41. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  42. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)
  45. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  46. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)
  47. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:145.

Check other web resources for Cenchrus ciliaris L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9794. Accessed 12 November 2018.