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Taxon: Cenchrus ciliaris L.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9794
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:302. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 956 (878 active, 842 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:77. 1992, as Cenchrus ciliaris; Invasive Pl Spec, as Cenchrus ciliaris)
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy [Sicilia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán, Ciudad de México]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Formosa, Jujuy, Tucumán] Paraguay


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  6. Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  8. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  15. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  16. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139-247.
  17. Gutiérrez, H. F. & O. Morrone. 2012. Novedades nomenclaturales en Cenchrus s.l. (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 47:263-269.
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  20. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  21. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  22. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  23. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  24. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  25. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  26. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  27. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  29. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16
  30. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  31. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  32. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
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  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  35. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  36. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:77.
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  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/pennisetum-ciliare/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  41. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  42. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  45. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun
  46. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  47. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:145.

Check other web resources for Cenchrus ciliaris L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9794. Accessed 17 September 2019.