Taxon: Cenchrus ciliaris L.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
        Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9794
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:302. 1771
Name Verified on: 16-Sep-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Feb-2016
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 950 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Invasive Pl Spec, as Cenchrus ciliaris)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:77. 1992, as Cenchrus ciliaris; Invasive Pl Spec, as Cenchrus ciliaris)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Econ Pl Aust, as Cenchrus ciliaris)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA, as Cenchrus ciliaris; Invasive Pl Spec, as Cenchrus ciliaris)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Free State, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sicily

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Louisiana, - Mississippi
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Federal District, - Guanajuato, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Quintana Roo, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Formosa, - Jujuy, - Tucuman; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. 1995 (L Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  • Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  • Gutiérrez, H. F. & O. Morrone 2012. Novedades nomenclaturales en Cenchrus s.l. (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 47:263-269.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. 2000 (F PR ed2)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:77.
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:145.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cenchrus ciliaris L. :

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