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Taxon: Cenchrus echinatus L.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9795
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1050. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Hispaniola, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: introduced
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 39:139-247.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  11. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. National Plant Board. 2008-. National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries URL: http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/california.pdf target='_blank'
  15. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  16. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  17. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  18. Releford, J. S. et al. 2009. Flora of Rongelap and Ailinginae Atolls, Republic of the Marshalls Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 572:1-13.
  19. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  20. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  22. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:146.

Check other web resources for Cenchrus echinatus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9795. Accessed 21 July 2019.