Taxon: Cenchrus echinatus L.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
        Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9795
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1050. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - South Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Yunnan, - Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Israel
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 39:139-247.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Releford, J. S. et al. 2009. Flora of Rongelap and Ailinginae Atolls, Republic of the Marshalls Islands Atoll Res. Bull. 572:1-13.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:146.

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