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Taxon: Cenchrus purpurascens Thunb.

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9805
Place of publication: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2:329. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 20 (8 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Chinese fountain grass  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • foxtail fountain grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • swamp foxtail grass  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • swamp-foxtail  (Source: F NSWales) - English
  • pennisétum  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • japanisches Federborstengras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • lampborstgräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • lang wei cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Assam]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Florida]


    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


References:

  1. Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130. Note: = Pennisetum alopecuroides
  2. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Australian plant census (APC) (on-line resource).
  3. Raab-Straube E. von & Raus T., eds. 2015. Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 5 [Notulae ad floram euro-mediterraneam pertinentes no. 34]. Willdenowia 45:459-460.
  4. Simon, B. K. 2010. New taxa, nomenclatural changes and notes on Australian grasses in the tribe Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae). Austrobaileya 8:191.
  5. Veldkamp, J. F. 2014. A revision of Cenchrus incl. Pennisetum (Gramineae) in Malesia with some general nomenclatural notes. Blumea 59:59-75.
  6. Verloove, F. 2012. New combinations in Cenchrus (Paniceae, Poaceae) in Europe and the Mediterranean area. Willdenowia 42:77-78.
  7. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Cenchrus purpurascens Thunb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9805. Accessed 15 September 2019.