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Taxon: Cenchrus purpurascens Thunb.

Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 9805
Place of publication: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2:329. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Feb-2016
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 20 (8 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • Chinese fountain grass  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • foxtail fountain grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • swamp foxtail grass  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • swamp-foxtail  (Source: F NSWales) - English
  • pennisétum  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • japanisches Federborstengras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • lampborstgräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • lang wei cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Assam]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria]


    • CHINA: China

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Florida]


    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic


    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130.
  3. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria Australian plant census (APC) (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Census)
  4. Raab-Straube E. von & Raus T., eds. 2015. Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 5 [Notulae ad floram euro-mediterraneam pertinentes no. 34] (Willdenowia) 45:459-460.
  5. Simon, B. K. 2010. New taxa, nomenclatural changes and notes on Australian grasses in the tribe Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae) (Austrobaileya) 8:191.
  6. Veldkamp, J. F. 2014. A revision of Cenchrus incl. Pennisetum (Gramineae) in Malesia with some general nomenclatural notes (Blumea) 59:59-75.
  7. Verloove, F. 2012. New combinations in Cenchrus (Paniceae, Poaceae) in Europe and the Mediterranean area (Willdenowia) 42:77-78.

Check other web resources for Cenchrus purpurascens Thunb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9805. Accessed 20 March 2019.