Taxon: Centaurea cyanus L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9817
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: ornamental (for drying fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Iraq; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary
    • Northern Europe: Finland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Qinghai, - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, - Amur
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete; Romania
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Pichincha

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

    Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bailey, L. H. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed. 1949 (Bailey)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  • Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. 1943-1952 (F IranPars)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbář Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Centaurea cyanus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image