Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Centaurea cyanus L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9817
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (6 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • bachelor's-button  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • blaver  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • blue bottle  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • bluebonnets  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • blue-poppy  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • brushes  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cornflower  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • corn-pinks  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • hurtsickle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • thimbles  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • witch's-bells  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cornflower   - English (Canada)
  • barbeau  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • bleuet  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • casse lunette  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • centaurée bleuet  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • centaurée bleuet   - French (Canada)
  • Kornblume  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • blåklint  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • shi che ju  (Source: F Taiwan) - Transcribed Chinese
  • vasiljok posevnoj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • vasiljok sinij  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]
    • CHINA: China [Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (n.)

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, [Crete] Romania

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Pichincha]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 271-272.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Centaurea+cyanus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  17. Harden, G. J., ed. 1990-1993. Flora of New South Wales.
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  19. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  20. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  22. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  25. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Ochsmann, J. 2001. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America. Welcome to the Centaurea pages URL: http://www.centaurea.net/centaurea-America.htm target='_blank'
  30. Parsa, A. 1943-1952. Flore de l'Iran.
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  33. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  35. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  36. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  37. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  39. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Centaurea cyanus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9817. Accessed 11 December 2019.