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Taxon: Centaurea jacea L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9821
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:914. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Gorno-Altay, Altay, Novosibirsk, Tyumen (s.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria (s.e.), Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Krasnoyarsk (s.)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland (s.e.)]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France [Corse]

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Maryland, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
  3. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Centaurea+jacea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  11. Hardy, O. J. & X. Vekemans. 2001. Patterns of allozyme variation in diploid and tetraploid Centaurea jacea at different spatial scales. Evolution 55:943-954.
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  14. Jarvis, C. E. & N. J. Turland, eds. 1998. Typification of Linnaean specific and varietal names in the Compositae (Asteraceae). Taxon 47:357. Note: typification
  15. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur. 79.
  20. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  21. Ochsmann, J. 2001. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America. Welcome to the Centaurea pages URL: http://www.centaurea.net/centaurea-America.htm target='_blank'
  22. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  23. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  24. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  25. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  26. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  28. Vanderhoeven, S. et al. 2002. A morphometric study of populations of the Centaurea jacea complex (Asteraceae) in Belgium. Pl. Biol. 4:403-412.
  29. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Centaurea jacea L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9821. Accessed 23 July 2019.