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Taxon: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

 
Genus: Centella
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Mackinlayoideae
Nomen number: 9831
Place of publication: C. F. P. von Martius, Fl. bras. 11(1):287, t. 78. 1879
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/145455
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide HortTechnology 6:13-18. 1996)
  • Medicines: source of asiaticoside (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):190. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng (s.), Guangdong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng (s.), Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Queensland]

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia, Palau, United States [Northern Mariana Islands]

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute. African flowering plants database (on-line resource).
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  8. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Centella+asiatica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 3:1259.
  12. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  13. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  16. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  19. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  20. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  21. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  26. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  27. Muhkerjee, P. K. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  28. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  30. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  31. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):190.
  32. Peiris, K. H. S. & S. J. Kays. 1996. Asiatic Pennywort (Centella asiatica (L) Urb.): A little-known vegetable crop. HortTechnol. 6:13-18.
  33. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  34. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  35. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  36. The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados. Plants of the East Caribbean online database (on-line resource).
  37. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9831. Accessed 16 September 2019.