Genus: Theobroma L.

Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Byttnerioideae
Tribe: Theobromateae
Altfamily: Sterculiaceae
Genus number: 12064
Last updated: 07-Feb-2013
Accession Count: 1108
Comments: all accepted species are in GRIN

List of Species Records in GRIN

References for  genus:

  • Borrone, J. W. et al. 2007. The potential of the WRKY gene family for phylogenetic reconstruction: An example from the Malvaceae. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 44:1141-1154.
  • Cuatrecasas, J. 1964. Cacao and its allies: a taxonomic revision of the genus Theobroma. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 35:379-614.
  • Richardson, J. E. et al. 2015. The age of chocolate: a diversification history of Theobroma and Malvaceae. Frontiers Ecol. Environm. 3: Art. 120.
  • Silva S., C. R. & A. Figueira 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of Theobroma (Sterculiaceae) based on Kunitz-like trypsin inhibitor sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 250:93-104.
  • Whitlock, B. A. & D. A. Baum 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Theobroma and Herrania (Sterculiaceae) based on sequences of the nuclear gene Vicilin. Syst. Bot. 24:128-138.
  • KBD: Kew Bibliographic Databases of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Note: Log on to KBD for better access.
  • Google Scholar   

Synonyms (=), probable synonyms (=~), and possible synonyms (~) for genus:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image