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Taxon: Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.

 
Genus: Beta
Section: Beta
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Betoideae
Tribe: Beteae
Nomen number: 103151
Place of publication: Comp. fl. ital. 593. 1882
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Feb-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 699 (627 active, 468 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (as Beta vulgaris var. orientalis)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Sweden (s.w.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Germany (n.), Netherlands
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway, Sweden
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Slovenia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Río Negro] Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  3. Coons, G. H. 1975. Interspecific hybrids between Beta vulgaris L. and the wild species of Beta. J. Amer. Soc. Sugar Beet Technol. 18:281-306. Note: as Beta maritima
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Beta maritima L.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. Note: = Beta maritima L.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Ford-Lloyd, B. V. & J. T. Williams. 1975. A revision of Beta section Vulgares (Chenopodiaceae), with new light on the origin of cultivated beets. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71:100. Note: lists as Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Thell., 1912
  10. Frese, L. et al. 2001. Chapter 17. Potential of genetic resources and breeding strategies for base-broadening in Beta. Broadening the genetic base of crop production 295-309. Note: IPGRI/FAO
  11. George, A. S., ed. 1984. Flora of Australia. 4:277. Note: = Beta vulgaris var. maritima (L.) Thell.
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984. Med-Checklist. 1:276. Note: = Beta maritima L.
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  14. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  15. Lange, W. et al. 1999. Taxonomy and cultonomy of beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:81-96.
  16. Letschert, J. P. W. et al. 1994. Taxonomy of Beta section Beta. J. Sugar Beet Res. 31:69-85.
  17. Letschert, J. P. W. 1993. Beta section Beta: biogeographical patterns of variation, and taxonomy. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 93-1:32.
  18. Panella, L. & R. T. Lewellen. 2007. Broadening the genetic base of sugar beet: introgression from wild relatives. Euphytica 154:383-400. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  21. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  23. Shen, Y. et al. 1998. Genetic relationships within the genus Beta determined using both PCR-based marker and DNA sequencing techniques. Heredity 80:624-632.
  24. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  25. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  28. Van Geyt, J. P. C. et al. 1990. Natural variation within the genus Beta and its possible use for breeding sugar beet: a review. Euphytica 49:57-76. Note: as Beta maritima
  29. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  30. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103151. Accessed 12 December 2019.