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Taxon: Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

 
Genus: Beta
Section: Beta
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Betoideae
Tribe: Beteae
Nomen number: 7057
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Comment: [treated here to include B. vulgaris Fodder Beet, Garden Beet, Leaf Beet, and Sugar Beet Groups]
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2173 (1843 active, 1303 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica)


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Western Cape]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (incl. Sicily)

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador


References:

  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Bramwell, D. & Z. Bramwell. 1974. Wild flowers of the Canary islands.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage Note: = Beta vulgaris var. cicla
  9. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Ford-Lloyd, B. V. & J. T. Williams. 1975. A revision of Beta section Vulgares (Chenopodiaceae), with new light on the origin of cultivated beets. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71:89-102.
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984. Med-Checklist. 1:297.
  15. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  16. Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3:555. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  17. International Energy Agency. 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective. (on-line resource). 1-216. URL: http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2004/biofuels2004.pdf target='_blank'
  18. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  21. Lange, W. et al. 1999. Taxonomy and cultonomy of beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:81-96.
  22. Letschert, J. P. W. et al. 1994. Taxonomy of Beta section Beta. J. Sugar Beet Res. 31:80.
  23. Letschert, J. P. W. 1993. Beta section Beta: biogeographical patterns of variation, and taxonomy. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 93-1:32.
  24. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  26. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:84.
  30. Office of the Union. 2009. UPOV: International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. List of the taxa protected by the members of the Union
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  33. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  34. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  35. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  36. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  38. 1998. Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch.
  39. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7057. Accessed 19 September 2019.