Taxon: Musa balbisiana Colla

Genus: Musa
Section: Musa
Family: Musaceae
Nomen number: 24708
Place of publication: Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 25:384. 1820 (Mem. gen. Musa 56)
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Musa BB and BBB Groups]
  • • non-hybrid forms of edible plantains
  • • the rejected name M. rosacea Jacq., nom. utique rej., which has priority no longer threatens this name
Name Verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Notes RBGE 35:86. 1976)
  • Animal food: forage (for pigs fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: potential for drought resistance in banana (fide Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr 6:106. 2011)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of B-genome bananas (fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 108:11311. 2011)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (for mapping Musa genome fide Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr 6:106. 2011)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Manila-hemp (based on natural hybrids in sympatry with Musa textilis, mostly sterile fide Handb Pl Breed IndCr 12:279. 2015)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of banana (fide CultTropS; Ann Bot 100:1074. 2007, a diploid)
  • Materials: wrapping (leaves as wrapping material in Malaysia & Thailand fide Notes RBGE 35:86. 1976)

Distributional Range:



  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: India Andaman and Nicobar; Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia Java; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: New Guinea


  • Argent, G. C. G. 1976. The wild bananas of Papua New Guinea Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35:84.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 63 (Taxon) 60:1204.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Davey, M. W. et al. 2013. A draft Musa balbisiana genome sequence for molecular genetics in polyploid, inter- and intra-specific Musa hybrids B. M. C. Genomics 14:683.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Ge, X. J. et al. 2005. Contrasting population structuring of wild banana, Musa balbisiana, in China based on evidence between microsatellite fingerprinting and cpDNA PCR-RFLP Molec. Ecol. 14:933-944.
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Häkkinen, M. & H. Väre 2008. Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes (Adansonia) sér. 3, 30:67.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Heslop-Harrison, J. S. & T. Schwarzacher 2007. Domestication, genomics and the future for banana Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1073-1084.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Lalusin, A. G. & M. L. H. Villavicencio Chapter 12. Abaca (Musa textilis Nee) breeding in the Philippines (Handb Pl Breed IndCr) 265-289.
  • Li, H.-W. 1978. The Musaceae of Yunnan Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16:57.
  • Li, L.-F. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the banana family (Musaceae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast DNA fragments, with a special reference to the genus Musa Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 57:1-10.
  • Lusty, C. et al. Global conservation strategy for Musa (banana and plantain). 2006 (IPGRI-INIBAP 2006)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1957. Musa and Ensete the cultivated bananas (Baileya) 5:177.
  • Ortiz, R. Chapter 6. Musa (Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr) 97-128.
  • Perrier, X. et al. 2011. Multidisciplinary perspectives on banana (Musa spp.) domestication Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108:11311-11318.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Robinson, J. C. 1996. Bananas and plantains Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 5:1-238.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. (F Hassan)
  • Subbaraya, U. 2006. Farmer's knowledge of wild Musa in India 1-46.
  • Väre, H. & M. Häkkinen 2009. (1904) Proposal to conserve the name Musa balbisiana against M. rosacea (Musaceae) (Taxon) 58:1010.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:190.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Musa balbisiana Colla :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.