Taxon: Phleum pratense L.

 
Genus: Phleum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28019
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 546 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (common cause of hay fever)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha (s.), Altay, Krasnoyarsk (s.), Chita, Irkutsk (s.), Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China (n.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland

    Northern America
    • Canada


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  4. Ashikaga, K. et al. 2012. Evaluating the genotype × nitrogen fertilization interaction on the nutritive value of the first crop in timothy (Phleum pratense L.) clones Grassland Sci. 58:37-41.
  5. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Fedorov, A. A., ed. Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Engl. transl.). (F Russia Eur Part)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  12. Gilbert, L. 2002. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  14. Hanson, C. G. & J. L. Manson 1985. Bird seed aliens in Britain (Watsonia) 15:237-252.
  15. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  16. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:367.
  17. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  22. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  23. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan) 202.
  24. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  26. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:117.
  27. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  28. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  32. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:493.
  33. Stewart, A. V. et al. 2009. Genomic and geographic origins of Timothy (Phleum sp.) based on ITS and chloroplast sequences (Mol Breed Forag Turf) 71-80.
  34. Tanaka, T. et al. 2011. DNA profiling of seed parents and topcross tester and its application for yield improvement in Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) Crop Sci. (Madison) 51:612-620.
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  38. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  39. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Phleum pratense L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28019. Accessed 24 April 2018.