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Taxon: Phleum nodosum L.

 
Genus: Phleum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 410207
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:871. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Aug-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (11 active, 10 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (as Phleum bertolonii)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (a lawn grass fide M. Olesen, Seed Sci. Technol. 2:194-197. 1974, as P. bertolonii; Dict Gard (under "lawns"), as P. bertolonii)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (w.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Phleum_nodosum/ target='_blank'
  2. Cafferty, S. et al. 2000. Typification of Linnaean plant names in the Poaceae (Gramineae). Taxon 49:254. Note: typifies Phleum nodosum L. on an element = to P. bertolonii DC.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Phleum nodosum auct.; = P. bertolonii DC.
  4. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage Note: = Phleum bertolonii
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Fedorov, A. A., ed. 1999-. Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Engl. transl.). Note: = Phleum pratense subsp. nodosum (L.) Arcang.
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Phleum bertolonii
  9. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  10. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: = Phleum pratense subsp. nodosum (L.) Arcang.
  11. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  12. Olesen, M. 1974. Identification of seeds of Phleum pratense L. and P. bertolonii DC. (P. nodosum L.) on the basis of morphological differences. Seed Sci. Technol. 2:194-197.
  13. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. Note: lists as Phleum nodosum auct.; = P. bertolonii DC.
  14. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: lists as Phleum nodosum auct.; = P. bertolonii DC.
  15. Stewart, A. V. et al. 2009. Genomic and geographic origins of Timothy (Phleum sp.) based on ITS and chloroplast sequences. Molecular breeding of forage and turf 71-81.
  16. Tanaka, T. et al. 2011. DNA profiling of seed parents and topcross tester and its application for yield improvement in Timothy (Phleum pratense L.). Crop Sci. (Madison) 51:616-620. Note: mentions
  17. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Phleum bertolonii DC.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Phleum pratense subsp. bertolonii (DC.) Bornm.

Check other web resources for Phleum nodosum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=410207. Accessed 21 September 2019.