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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319634
Place of publication: R. Mansfeld, Verz. Landwirtsch. u. Gartn. Kulturpfl., Auf. 2, ed. J. Schultze-Motel, 1:304. 1986
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or B. rapa Pak Choi Group]
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 90 (74 active, 64 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (as B. rapa var. chinensis, mentions that is primarily cultivated in China as an oilseed) vegetable (fide Hortus 3; Herklots, Vegetables in SE Asia. 1972) vegetable (fide Hortus 3; Herklots, Vegetables in SE Asia. 1972)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China


References:

  1. Bailey, L. H. 1930. The cultivated Brassicas; second paper. Gentes Herbarum 2:253-255. Note: = Brassica chinensis L.
  2. Chen, H.-F. et al. 2007. Production and genetic analysis of partial hybrids in intertribal crosses between Brassica species (B. rapa, B. napus) and Capsella bursa-pastoris. Pl. Cell Rep. 26:1791-1800.
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  4. Erickson, L. R. et al. 1983. Restriction patterns reveal origins of chloroplast genomes in Brassica amphiploids. Theor. Appl. Genet. 65:201-206.
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  6. Heenan, P. B. & M. I. Dawson. 2005. Spontaneous hybrids between naturalised populations of pak choi (Brassica rapa var. chinensis) and wild turnip (B. rapa var. oleifera) from near Ashburton, Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand J. Bot. 43:817-824.
  7. Herklots, G. A. C. 1972. Vegetables in South-East Asia.
  8. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:349-391.
  9. Inomata, N. 1993. Crossability and cytology of hybrid progenies in the cross between Brassica campestris and three wild relatives of B. oleracea, B. bourgeaui, B. cretica and B. montana. Euphytica 69:7-17. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  10. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  14. Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds. Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1-35.
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale. 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species. Transgenic Res. 3:263-278.
  19. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:130-134. Note: = Brassica rapa Pak Choi Group
  20. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  21. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  22. Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  23. Takuno, S. et al. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity of accessions in Brassicaceae genetic resources by frequency distribution analysis of S haplotypes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1129-1138.
  24. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database
  25. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2008. AFLP-based molecular characterization of Brassica rapa and diversity in Canadian spring turnip rape cultivars. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 6:11-21.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Brassica rapa var. chinensis (L.) Kitam.
  27. Yang, Y.-W. et al. 2002. A study of the phylogeny of Brassica rapa, B. nigra, Raphanus sativus, and their related genera using noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 23:268-275.
  28. Zhao, J. et al. 2005. Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1301-1314.

Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=319634. Accessed 17 October 2019.