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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319648
Place of publication: Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 49. 1833
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or Brassica rapa Turnip Rape Group]
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 53 (29 active, 24 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (as Brassica campestris)
  • Fuels:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (as Brassica campestris)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide WorldWeeds 117. 1997, as Brassica campestris)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Guadeloupe, Martinique
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s.), Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Nicaragua
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Alto Paraguay] Uruguay


    Other (widespread weed, probable origin Eurasia)

References:

  1. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  2. Cheng, B. F. et al. 2001. Low glucosinolate Brassica juncea breeding line revealed to be nullisomic. Genome 44:738.
  3. Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  6. Garg, H. et al. 2007. Hybridizing Brassica rapa with wild crucifers Diplotaxis erucoides and Brassica maurorum. Euphytica 156:417-424. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  8. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(1):457. Note: treats under Brassica rapa var. silvestris (Lam.) Briggs
  9. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  12. Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds. Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1-35.
  13. Olsson, G. 1954. Crosses within the campestris group of the genus Brassica. Hereditas (Beijing) 40:414. Note: = Brassica campestris subsp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  15. Prakash, S. & K. Hinata. 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review. Opera Bot. 55:12-13. Note: = Brassica campestris subsp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk.
  16. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  17. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  18. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  19. Takuno, S. et al. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity of accessions in Brassicaceae genetic resources by frequency distribution analysis of S haplotypes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1129-1138.
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: mentions; lists as Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera DC.
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2. Note: mentions; lists as Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera DC.
  22. University of Idaho. 2010. Brassica breeding and research goals. Note: re. potenital use as fuel
  23. Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  24. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database
  25. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2008. AFLP-based molecular characterization of Brassica rapa and diversity in Canadian spring turnip rape cultivars. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 6:11-21.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Brassica rapa var. oleifera DC.
  27. Young, R. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  28. Zhao, J. et al. 2005. Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1301-1314.

Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=319648. Accessed 8 December 2019.