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Taxon: Zea mays L. subsp. parviglumis H. H. Iltis & Doebley

Genus: Zea
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Tripsacinae
Nomen number: 400366
Place of publication: Amer. J. Bot. 67:1001. 1980
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 257 (253 active, 36 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Balsas teosinte  (Source: Amer J Bot) - English
  • Guerrero teosinte  (Source: F NAmer) - English

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guerrero, Jalisco (s.w.), México (s.w.), Michoacán de Ocampo (e.), Oaxaca]


  1. Díez, C. M. et al. 2013. Genome size variation in wild and cultivated maize along altitudinal gradients. New Phytol. 199:264-276. Note: this study examined this taxon
  2. Doebley, J. F. & H. H. Iltis. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). I. A subgeneric classification with key to taxa. Amer. J. Bot. 67:984.
  3. Doebley, J. F. 1990. Molecular systematics of Zea (Gramineae). Maydica 35:143-150.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Hufford, M. B. et al. 2011. Influence of cryptic population structure on observed mating patterns in the wild progenitor of maize (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis). Molec. Ecol. 20:46-55.
  6. Iltis, H. H. & J. F. Doebley. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). II. Subspecific categories in the Zea mays complex and a generic synopsis. Amer. J. Bot. 67:994-1004.
  7. Matsuoka, R. et al. 2002. A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99:6080-6084.
  8. Mondragón-Pichardo, J. & H. Vibrans. 2005. Ethnobotany of the Balsas teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis). Maydica 50:123-128.
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  10. Rojas-Barrera, I. C. et al. 2019. Contemporary evolution of maize landraces and their wild relatives influenced by gene flow with modern maize varieties. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1-10. DOI: www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1817664116
  11. Ross-Ibarra, J. et al. 2009. Historical divergence and gene flow in the genus Zea. Genetics 181:1399-1413.
  12. Sánchez González, J. J. et al. 2011. Three new teosintes (Zea spp., Poaceae) from México. Amer. J. Bot. 98:1537-1548.
  13. van Heerwaarden, J. et al. 2010. Fine scale genetic structure in the wild ancestor of maize (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis). Molec. Ecol. 19:1162-1173.
  14. Warburton, M. L. et al. 2011. Gene flow among different teosinte taxa and into the domesticated maize gene pool. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1243-1261.
  15. Wursirika, R. et al. 2011. Chapter 11. Zea. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 457-487.
  16. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:637-638. Note: recognizes two varieties: parviglumis & huehuetenangensis

Check other web resources for Zea mays L. subsp. parviglumis H. H. Iltis & Doebley :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400366. Accessed 23 February 2020.