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Taxon: Verbena officinalis L. var. officinalis

 
Genus: Verbena
Section: Verbena
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 405152
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 21-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Malaysia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s. & c.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. worldwide)

References:

  1. Barber, S. C. 1982. Taxonomic studies in the Verbena stricta complex (Verbenaceae). Syst. Bot. 7:454. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  2. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  5. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  6. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  7. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  8. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  9. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  10. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  11. Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20:78.
  12. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):491. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  13. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  14. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  15. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  16. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  18. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida Note: = Verbena officinalis subsp. officinalis
  19. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Verbena officinalis L. var. officinalis :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=405152. Accessed 3 August 2020.