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Taxon: Verbena officinalis L.

 
Genus: Verbena
Section: Verbena
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 41164
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:20. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 27-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Guizhou Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Malaysia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s. & c.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma (s.w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3665), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Barber, S. C. 1982. Taxonomic studies in the Verbena stricta complex (Verbenaceae). Syst. Bot. 7:454. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Verbena+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  15. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  17. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  18. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  20. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  23. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  26. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  27. Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy. Phytologia Mem. 2:68.
  28. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  29. Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20:76.
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  31. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  32. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  33. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  34. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  35. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  36. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  37. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  38. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  39. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  40. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  41. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  44. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  45. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  47. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  48. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Verbena officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41164. Accessed 20 July 2019.