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Taxon: Triticum dicoccon Schrank

Synonym of Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.

Genus: Triticum
Section: Dicoccoidea
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Triticinae
Nomen number: 40571
Place of publication: Baier. Fl. 1:389. 1789 (G. Schübler, Diss. char. descr. cereal. 29. 1818 "dicoccum")
Link to protologue: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/11265
Comment: valid publication by Schrank is accepted here, in accordance with the arguments of Mansfeld (1958), Humphries (1978), and B. Baum (pers. comm. by e-mail on 11 Dec 2006) and contrary to those in Taxon 47:707-708. 1998)
Name Verified on: 11-Dec-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Baum, B. 2006. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Dec Note: accepts Triticum dicoccon Schrank as a validly published name
  3. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications. Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  4. Harlan, J. R. et al. 1973. Comparative evolution of cereals. Evolution 27:314. Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  5. Humphries, C. J. 1978. 297) Triticum L. In: V. E. Heywood (ed.), Flora europaea. Notulae systematicae ad floram Europaeam spectantes. No. 20. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76:368-369. Note: discusses authorship of name; lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  6. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  7. Mansfeld, R. 1958. Zur Nomenklatur einiger Nutz- und Kulturpflanzen II. Kulturpflanze 6:237-242. Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  8. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  9. Morrison, L. A. 1998. Lectotypification of Triticum turgidum and T. spelta (Poaceae). Taxon 47:707-708. Note: treats Schrank's name, citing "W. Greuter, pers. comm.", as not validly published under Melbourne ICN Art. 36.1(b) and accepts as Triticum dicoccum Schrank ex Schübl.
  10. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: lists as Triticum dicoccum (Schrank) Schubler
  11. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank
  12. Slageren, M. van & T. Payne. 2013. Concepts and nomenclature of the Farro wheats, with special reference to Emmer, Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Poaceae). Kew Bull. 68:477-494. Note: treats Schrank's name as not validly published under Melbourne ICN Art. 36.1(b) and accepts as Triticum dicoccum Schrank ex Schübl.
  13. Slageren, M. W. van. 1994. Wild wheats: a monograph of Aegilops L. and Amblyopyrum (Jaub. & Spach) Eig. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 94-7:1-512. Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon (Schrank) Schübl., based on "T. spelta * dicoccon" Schrank
  14. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR Note: lists as Triticum dicoccon Schrank

Check other web resources for Triticum dicoccon Schrank :

  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40571. Accessed 4 July 2020.