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Taxon: Triticum urartu Tumanian ex Gandilyan

Genus: Triticum
Section: Monococcon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Triticinae
Nomen number: 70812
Place of publication: Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57(2):176. 1972
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-Mar-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 285 (271 active, 239 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • red wild einkorn  (Source: F NAmer) - English

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (w.), Iraq (e.), Lebanon, Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia


  1. Akhunov, E. D. et al. 2005. BAC libraries of Triticum urartu, Aegilops speltoides and Ae. tauschii, the diploid ancestors of polyploid wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 111:1617-1622.
  2. Baum, B. R. & L. G. Bailey. 2013. Genetic diversity in the red wild einkorn: T. urartu Gandilyan (Poaceae: Triticeae). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:77-87.
  3. Brandolini, A. et al. 2006. Quantification of genetic relationships among A genomes of wheats. Genome 49:297-305.
  4. Chapman, V. et al. 1976. Equivalence of the A genome of bread wheat and that of Triticum urartu. Genet. Res. 27:69-76.
  5. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  6. Dvorak, J. et al. 1993. The evolution of polyploid wheats: identification of the A genome donor species. Genome 36:21-31.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Huang, S. et al. 2002. Genes encoding plastid acetyl-CoA carboxylase and 3-phospholycerate kinase of the Triticum/Aegilops complex and the evolutionary hisory of polyploid wheat. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99:8133-8138.
  10. Kuckuck, H. 1982. Beiträge zur evolution und systematik der kulturweizen (Contribution to evolution and taxonomy of cultivated wheat). Biol Zentralbl. 101:349. Note: primary genetic relative of einkorn wheat
  11. Ling, H.-Q. et al. 2013. Draft genome of the wheat A-genome progenitor Triticum urartu. Nature 496:87-90. Note: this study examined the USDA accession G1812 (= PI 428198)
  12. Marcussen, T. et al. 2014. Ancient hybridizations among the ancestral genomes of bread wheat. Science 345:1250092.
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Rodríguez-Suárez, C. et al. 2011. Applicability of chromosome-specific SSR wheat markers for the introgression of Triticum urartu in durum wheat breeding programmes. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 9:439-444.
  15. Rouse, M. N. & Y. Jin. 2011. Stem rust resistance in A-genome diploid relatives of wheat. Pl. Dis. 45:941-944. Note: it examined 205 accessions of Triticum urartu
  16. Slageren, M. W. van. 1994. Wild wheats: a monograph of Aegilops L. and Amblyopyrum (Jaub. & Spach) Eig. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 94-7:1-512.
  17. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR 1:234.

Check other web resources for Triticum urartu Tumanian ex Gandilyan :

  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70812. Accessed 26 May 2020.