Taxon: Capsicum annuum L.

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 8904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:188-189. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Dec-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 3506 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida, Georgia, Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla ; Bahamas ; Barbados ; Cayman Islands ; Dominica ; Dominican Republic ; Grenada ; Guadeloupe ; Haiti ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Montserrat ; Netherlands Antilles ; Puerto Rico ; St. Kitts and Nevis ; St. Lucia ; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Naturalized


    Cultivated


References:

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  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Carrizo García, C. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and expansion of chili peppers (Capsicum, Solanaceae) Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118:35-51.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Colombia. A résumé (Baileya) 19:98.
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
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  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2012. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1077-1088.
  • Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. Genetic relationships within and between Capsicum species Biochem. Genet. 48:83-95.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
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  • Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems (Proc XII Eucarpia)
  • Kraft, K. H. et al. 2014. Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum in Mexico Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:6165-6170.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
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  • Pickersgill, B. et al. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum (Biol Solan) 679-699.
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  • Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147-156.
  • Sánchez-Solana, F. et al. 2016. New pepper accessions proved to be suitable as a genetic resource for use in breeding nematode-resistant rootstocks Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 14:28-34.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:136-140.
  • Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362-368.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  • Sui, Y. H. & N. B. Hu 2015. Acquisition, identification and analysis of an interspecific Capsicum hybrid (C. annuum × C. chinense) J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 90:31-38.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
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Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. :

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image