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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 105447
Place of publication: Icon. pl. med. 6:29, t. 534. 1794
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or B. oleracea Broccoli Group]
Name Verified on: 08-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 120 (56 active, 32 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (flower buds)
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to ruminants, as Brassica oleracea var. botrytis "Broccoli")

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  3. Bohuon, E. J. R. et al. 1996. Alignment of the conserved C genomes of Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:833-839.
  4. Bonnema, G. et al. 2011. Chapter 3. Diversity analysis and molecular taxonomy of Brassica vegetable crops. In: J. Sadowski & C. Kole, eds. Genetics, genomics and breeding of vegetable bassicas. Taylor & Francis. . 3:81-124.
  5. Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165-178.
  6. Coelho, P. S. & A. A. Monteiro. 2003. Expression of resistance to downy mildew at cotyledon and adult plant stages in Brassica oleracea L.. Euphytica 133:279-284. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  7. Coelho, P. S. & A. A. Monteiro. 2003. Inheritance of downy mildew resistance in mature broccoli plants. Euphytica 131:65-69. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  8. Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207-214. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  11. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  13. Farinhó, M. et al. 2004. Mapping of a locus for adult plant resistance to downy mildew in broccoli (Brassica oleracea convar. italica). Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:1392-1398.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Brassica+oleracea+var.+italica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Gray, A. R. 1982. Taxonomy and evolution of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica). Econ. Bot. 36:397-410.
  16. Gray, A. R. 1989. Taxonomy and evolution of broccolis and cauliflowers. Baileya 23:28-46.
  17. Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle. 1995. Transfer of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris into Brassica oleracea L. by protoplast fusion. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:1293-1300.
  18. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(1):448. Note: = cultivariety
  19. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae. Note: = Brassica oleracea subsp. botrytis (L.) Duchesne
  21. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. Biology and breeding of Crucifers 310-342. Note: CRC Press, Hoboken
  22. Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros. 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  23. Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  24. Lan, T.-H. & A. H. Paterson. 2000. Comparative mapping of quantitative trait loci sculpting the curd of Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:1927-1954.
  25. Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde. 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using isozymes. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:821-828.
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Brassica oleracea Italica Group
  27. Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  28. Lowman, A. C. & M. D. Purugganan. 1999. Duplication of the Brassica oleracea APETALA1 floral homeotic gene and the evolution of domesticated cauliflower. J. Heredity 90:514-520.
  29. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  30. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  31. McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Purugganan, M. D. et al. 2000. Variation and selection at the CAULIFLOWER floral homeotic gene accompanying the evolution of domesticated Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:855-862.
  35. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  36. Smith, L. B. & G. J. King. 2000. The distribution of Bo-CAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the cauliflower. Molec. Breed. 6:603-613.
  37. Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones. Brassica crop and wild allies, biology and breeding. 121-132. Note: Japan Science Press, Tokyo.
  38. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  39. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  40. Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  41. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue. Euphytica 136:313-318. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  42. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats. Euphytica 137:193-201. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  43. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  45. 1981. Genetic Resources of Cruciferous Crops. 12.
  46. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105447. Accessed 18 September 2019.