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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7675
Place of publication: Syst. nat. 2:585. 1821
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/spa/Libro.php?Libro=2676&Pagina=590
Comments:
  • • [or B. oleracea Brussels Sprouts Group]
  • • published by A. P. de Candolle as B. oleracea C. bullata Δ gemmifera
Name Verified on: 26-Sep-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-2018
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 89 (75 active, 96 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Brussels sprouts  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • chou à mille pommes  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • chou de Bruxelles  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • brüsseler Kohl  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Rosenkohl  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Rosen-Wirsing  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cavola di Bruxelles  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • cavolo a germoglio  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cavolo de Bruxelles  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • me-kyabetsu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • couve-de-Bruxelas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • col de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • repollo de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • bao zi gan lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kapusta brjussel'skaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (buds are eaten cooked)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock); mammals (to livestock); mammals (to livestock)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. 1981. Genetic Resources of Cruciferous Crops 10.
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Arias, T. & J. C. Pires 2012. A fully resolved chloroplast phylogeny of the brassica crops and wild relatives (Brassicaceae: Brassiceae): Novel clades and potential taxonomic implications (Taxon) 61:980-988.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species (Euphytica) 110:207-214.
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. (Everist)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - Remarks about the botanical classification of Brassica Acta Hort. 1005:49-59.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 4(1):445.
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  17. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  18. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  19. Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  25. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. Márquez-Lema, A. et al. 2010. Transferability, amplification quality, and genome specificity of microsatellites in Brassica carinata and related species J. Appl. Genet. 51:123-131.
  28. Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1-15.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:86.
  30. Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops 15.
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Sebastian, R. L. et al. 2000. An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled-haploid mapping populations Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81.
  34. Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones (Brassica Crop Wild) 121-132.
  35. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  36. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  37. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue (Euphytica) 136:313-318.
  38. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7675. Accessed 14 December 2018.