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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7675
Place of publication: Syst. nat. 2:585. 1821
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/spa/Libro.php?Libro=2676&Pagina=590
Comments:
  • • [or Brassica oleracea Brussels Sprouts Group]
  • • published by A. P. de Candolle as B. oleracea C. bullata Δ gemmifera
Name Verified on: 26-Sep-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 89 (75 active, 55 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Brussels sprouts  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • chou à mille pommes  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • chou de Bruxelles  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • brüsseler Kohl  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Rosenkohl  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Rosen-Wirsing  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cavola di Bruxelles  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • cavolo a germoglio  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cavolo de Bruxelles  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • me-kyabetsu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • couve-de-Bruxelas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • col de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • repollo de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • bao zi gan lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kapusta brjussel'skaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (buds are eaten cooked)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock) mammals (to livestock) mammals (to livestock)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. Arias, T. & J. C. Pires. 2012. A fully resolved chloroplast phylogeny of the brassica crops and wild relatives (Brassicaceae: Brassiceae): Novel clades and potential taxonomic implications. Taxon 61:980-988.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207-214. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen Note: = Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group
  8. Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia. Note: poisonous
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Brassica+oleracea+var.+gemmifera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - Remarks about the botanical classification of Brassica. Acta Hort. 1005:49-59. Note: = Brassica oleracea subsp. capitata convar. gemmifera (DC.) Gladis ex Diederichsen
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: = Brassica oleracea L. convar. gemmifera (DC.) Gladis ex Diederichsen
  12. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(1):445. Note: = Brassica oleracea cultivariety gemmifera DC.
  13. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  14. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  15. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae. Note: lists as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC.; = B. oleracea subsp. fruticosa Metzg.
  16. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. Biology and breeding of Crucifers 310-342. Note: CRC Press, Hoboken
  17. Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros. 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC.
  20. Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group
  22. Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  23. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. Note: lists as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC.
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  25. Márquez-Lema, A. et al. 2010. Transferability, amplification quality, and genome specificity of microsatellites in Brassica carinata and related species. J. Appl. Genet. 51:123-131.
  26. Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1-15.
  27. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:86.
  28. Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops. 15.
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Sebastian, R. L. et al. 2000. An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled-haploid mapping populations. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81.
  32. Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones. Brassica crop and wild allies, biology and breeding. 121-132. Note: Japan Science Press, Tokyo.
  33. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  34. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  35. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue. Euphytica 136:313-318. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  36. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC.
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: lists as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (DC.) Zenker
  38. 1981. Genetic Resources of Cruciferous Crops. 10.
  39. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7675. Accessed 22 November 2019.