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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7671
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:667. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or Brassica oleracea Cauliflower Group]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 675 (469 active, 206 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cauliflower  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • chou brocoli  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chou fleur  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • chou fleur d'hiver  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Blumenkohl  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Kopfbrokkoli  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • cavolfiore  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • cavolo fiore  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • hana-yasai  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • karifurawā  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • couve-flor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • coliflor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • hua ye cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kapusta cvetnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165-178.
  2. Buck, P. 1956. Origin and taxonomy of broccoli. Econ. Bot. 10:250-253.
  3. Chable, V. et al. 2008. "Aberrant" plants in cauliflower: 1. Phenotype and heredity. Euphytica 164:325-337. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  4. Chable, V. et al. 2009. "Aberrant" plants in cauliflower: 2. Aneuploidy and global DNA methylation. Euphytica 170:275-287. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  5. Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: = Brassica oleracea
  7. Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  8. Diederichsen, E. et al. 2009. Status and perspectives of clubroot resistance breeding in Crucifer crops. J. Pl. Growth Regulat. 28:265-281.
  9. Divaret, I. et al. 1999. RAPD markers on seed bulks efficiently assess the genetic diversity of a Brassica oleracea L. collection. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1029-1035.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207-214. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Brassica+oleracea+var.+botrytis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gray, A. R. 1982. Taxonomy and evolution of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica). Econ. Bot. 36:398.
  15. Gray, A. R. 1989. Taxonomy and evolution of broccolis and cauliflowers. Baileya 23:28-46.
  16. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - remarks on Brassica. Int. J. AgriSci. 3:453-480. Note: a taxon representing cauliflower, and considered to be related to Brassica cretica (as B. oleracea subsp. cretica)
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  18. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(1):448. Note: = cultivariety
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae. Note: = Brassica oleracea subsp. botrytis (L.) Duchesne
  21. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. Biology and breeding of Crucifers 310-342. Note: CRC Press, Hoboken
  22. Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros. 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  23. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  25. Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  26. Lan, T.-H. & A. H. Paterson. 2000. Comparative mapping of quantitative trait loci sculpting the curd of Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:1927-1954.
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group
  28. Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  29. Lowman, A. C. & M. D. Purugganan. 1999. Duplication of the Brassica oleracea APETALA1 floral homeotic gene and the evolution of domesticated cauliflower. J. Heredity 90:514-520.
  30. Lu, X. et al. 2009. Cultivar identification and genetic diversity analysis of broccoli and its related species with RAPD and ISSR markers. Sci. Hort. 122:645-648.
  31. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  32. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  33. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  34. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:85.
  35. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  36. Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops. 15.
  37. Oost, E. H. et al. 1989. Typification of Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and its Linnaean varieties. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 101:340. Note: selects lectotype
  38. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. Note: = Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  40. Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  41. Purugganan, M. D. et al. 2000. Variation and selection at the CAULIFLOWER floral homeotic gene accompanying the evolution of domesticated Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:855-862.
  42. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  43. Salmon, A. et al. 2009. Identification of differentially expressed genes related to aberrant phenotypes in Brassica oleracea var. botrytis. Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:631-639.
  44. Sebastian, R. L. et al. 2000. An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled-haploid mapping populations. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81.
  45. Smith, L. B. & G. J. King. 2000. The distribution of Bo-CAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the cauliflower. Molec. Breed. 6:603-613.
  46. Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones. Brassica crop and wild allies, biology and breeding. 121-132. Note: Japan Science Press, Tokyo.
  47. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  48. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  49. Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  50. Spini, V. B. M. G. & W. E. Kerr. 2000. Genetic analysis of a cross of gaillon (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) with cauliflower (B. oleracea var. botrytis). Genet. Molec. Biol. 23:221-222.
  51. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats. Euphytica 137:193-201. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  52. Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  53. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database
  54. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  55. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7671. Accessed 12 December 2019.