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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7671
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:667. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or B. oleracea Cauliflower Group]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 675 (469 active, 206 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cauliflower  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • chou brocoli  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chou fleur  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • chou fleur d'hiver  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Blumenkohl  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Kopfbrokkoli  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • cavolfiore  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • cavolo fiore  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • hana-yasai  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • karifurawā  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • couve-flor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • coliflor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • hua ye cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kapusta cvetnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165-178.
  3. Buck, P. 1956. Origin and taxonomy of broccoli Econ. Bot. 10:250-253.
  4. Chable, V. et al. 2008. "Aberrant" plants in cauliflower: 1. Phenotype and heredity (Euphytica) 164:325-337.
  5. Chable, V. et al. 2009. "Aberrant" plants in cauliflower: 2. Aneuploidy and global DNA methylation (Euphytica) 170:275-287.
  6. Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608-613.
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  8. Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  9. Diederichsen, E. et al. 2009. Status and perspectives of clubroot resistance breeding in Crucifer crops J. Pl. Growth Regulat. 28:265-281.
  10. Divaret, I. et al. 1999. RAPD markers on seed bulks efficiently assess the genetic diversity of a Brassica oleracea L. collection Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1029-1035.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  12. Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species (Euphytica) 110:207-214.
  13. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Gray, A. R. 1989. Taxonomy and evolution of broccolis and cauliflowers (Baileya) 23:28-46.
  16. Gray, A. R. 1982. Taxonomy and evolution of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Econ. Bot. 36:398.
  17. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - remarks on Brassica Int. J. AgriSci. 3:453-480.
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  19. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 4(1):448.
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  21. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  22. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  23. Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  26. Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  27. Lan, T.-H. & A. H. Paterson 2000. Comparative mapping of quantitative trait loci sculpting the curd of Brassica oleracea (Genetics) 155:1927-1954.
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  29. Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  30. Lowman, A. C. & M. D. Purugganan 1999. Duplication of the Brassica oleracea APETALA1 floral homeotic gene and the evolution of domesticated cauliflower J. Heredity 90:514-520.
  31. Lu, X. et al. 2009. Cultivar identification and genetic diversity analysis of broccoli and its related species with RAPD and ISSR markers Sci. Hort. 122:645-648.
  32. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  34. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  35. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:85.
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  37. Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops 15.
  38. Oost, E. H. et al. 1989. Typification of Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and its Linnaean varieties Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 101:340.
  39. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  40. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  41. Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  42. Purugganan, M. D. et al. 2000. Variation and selection at the CAULIFLOWER floral homeotic gene accompanying the evolution of domesticated Brassica oleracea (Genetics) 155:855-862.
  43. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  44. Salmon, A. et al. 2009. Identification of differentially expressed genes related to aberrant phenotypes in Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:631-639.
  45. Sebastian, R. L. et al. 2000. An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled-haploid mapping populations Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81.
  46. Smith, L. B. & G. J. King 2000. The distribution of Bo-CAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the cauliflower Molec. Breed. 6:603-613.
  47. Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones (Brassica Crop Wild) 121-132.
  48. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  49. Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  50. Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris) Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497-506.
  51. Spini, V. B. M. G. & W. E. Kerr 2000. Genetic analysis of a cross of gaillon (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) with cauliflower (B. oleracea var. botrytis) Genet. Molec. Biol. 23:221-222.
  52. Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats (Euphytica) 137:193-201.
  53. Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371-382.
  54. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  55. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7671. Accessed 20 March 2019.