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Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare

 
Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeum
Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 19333
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 36730 (34493 active, 30213 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental:
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: cereal
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock when infected with certain fungi)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mauritania, Nigeria (n.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (c.), Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa (e.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley. Agronomy 26:29.
  2. Brassac, J. & F. R. Blattner. 2015. Species-level phylogeny and polyploid relationships in Hordeum (Poaceae) inferred by next-generation sequencing and In Silico cloning of multiple nuclear loci. Syst. Biol. 64:792-808. Note: this study included subsp. spontaneum
  3. Doebley, J. et al. 1992. Chloroplast DNA variation and the phylogeny of Hordeum (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79:576-584.
  4. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  7. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  8. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  9. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae. Feddes Repert. 95:435.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  13. Pourkkheirandish, M. & T. Komatsuda. 2007. The importance of barley genetics and domestication in a global perspective. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:999-1008.
  14. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  15. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  18. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  19. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  20. USDA Agricultural Research Service: Sustainable Biofuel and Co-products Research Unit. 2010. Economic competitiveness of renewable fuelds derived from grains and related biomass. Note: re. potential use as fuel substitute
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19333. Accessed 15 December 2019.