Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. spontaneum (K. Koch) Thell.

 
Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeum
Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317384
Place of publication: Fl. adv. Montpellier 160. 1912 Jan (Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38(sér. 4, vol. 8):160. 1912)
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 03-Jun-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 1926 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: crop quality for barley (for improved malting quality fide Pl Physiol 117:679-685. 1998)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for barley (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 43:471-479. 1996)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in barley (fide Agron Monog 26:179. 1985)
  • Gene sources: potential for high yield in barley (fide Theor Appl Genet 112:1221-1231. 2006)
  • Gene sources: potential for salt tolerance in barley (fide Agron Monog 26:179. 1985)
  • Gene sources: potential for waterlogging tolerance in barley (fide Agron Monog 26:179. 1985)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of barley (wild form of barley fide Agron. Mon. 29. 1985; Genet Res Crop Evol 45:151. 1998 as H. spontaneum)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of barley (wild form of barley fide Agron. Monog. 26:29. 1985; Genet Res Crop Evol 45:151. 1998 as H. spontaneum)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (n.), Libya (n.e.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan (w.), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Sichuan (w.), Xizang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece [Crete]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baum, B. R. et al. 1997. Genetic diversity in wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum C. Koch) in the Near East: a molecular analysis using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:147-157.
  3. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  7. Jones, H. et al. 2011. Evolutionary history of barley cultivation in Europe revealed by genetic analysis of extant landraces B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 11:320.
  8. Nevo, E. et al. 1998. Ecological correlates of RAPD DNA diversity of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum, in the Fertile Crescent Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:151-159.
  9. Petersen, G. & O. Seberg 2003. Phylogenetic analysis of the diploid species of Hordeum (Poaceae) and a revised classification of the genus Syst. Bot. 28:293-306.
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  11. von Bothmer, R. & N. Jacobsen 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley Agronomy 26:29.
  12. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. spontaneum (K. Koch) Thell. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=317384. Accessed 19 June 2018.